August 13, 2021


by: admin


Tags: Autism, Dopamine, findings, Genetic, incidental, predictive, Skills, Spectrum, Spotted, web


Categories: autism

Noticed across the net: Dopamine in autism, predictive expertise, incidental genetic findings | Spectrum

Research summary

  • An independent analysis confirmed diagnoses of autism reported by home and caregivers in 251 of 254 participants in SPARK, a large genetic autism study. (SPARK is funded by the Simons Foundation, Spectrum’s parent organization.) Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
  • Children with dup15q syndrome, an autism-related disorder, exhibit altered brain wave activity while they sleep. Spectrum reported preliminary analysis of this data in January. Molecular Autism
  • People who learn as adults that they are autistic tend to become more satisfied with their diagnosis over time. Limits in Psychology
  • Parents of autistic children can use online platforms to participate in research studies. Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
  • Autistic children and adults with high verbal intelligence tend to have low autism trait severity. Autism research
  • The brain’s dopamine system is often altered, but not consistent, in people with autism – its signal transmission can either be increased or decreased. Limits in neural circuits
  • Parents of autistic children, as well as adults and adolescents in the spectrum, report positive and negative effects of the COVID-19 lockdown: having fewer commitments was good, but seeing fewer friends was bad. Spectrum reported on the effects of the lockdown in a special report on the pandemic last year. autism
  • Some people on the spectrum are at lower risk of developing substance use disorder than people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and non-autistic people – contrary to a trend reported by Spectrum in 2017. European child and adolescent psychiatry
  • An automated language analysis called Lexico-Semantic Similarity characterized differences in conversation between autistic and non-autistic children. Limits in Psychology

Science and society

  • New data has sparked an old controversy about informing genetic study participants about unrelated mutations or incidental findings: Should people have the right to choose or to opt out? science
  • An artificial intelligence-based method of sifting published research data can help identify potential drugs for neurodevelopmental disorders. STAT
  • An emerging theory of autism posits that people on the spectrum have impairments in their ability to predict events. Spectrum laid out the basics of predictive coding theory in a 2019 article. Scientific American
  • The h-index, once a widely used measure of a researcher’s influence, has lost importance as authoring patterns have changed. Chemistry world

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